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保安必须掌握的消防基础知识该怎样参与灭火

发布时间:2018-11-07来源:http://www.jnzhongtebao.com
“火光就是指令,火场就是战场"。但是,火场常常是人员很多,状况十分杂乱的场所,要迅速地熄救活灾,有必要统一指挥,协调一致,才干做到有方案、有步骤、有成效地进行救活战役。那么,面对火灾咱们又应该怎样做呢?
"Fire is the command, the fire field is the battlefield." However, the fire field is often a place with a large number of people and a very messy situation. In order to extinguish and rescue the disaster quickly, it is necessary to unite command and coordinate so as to carry out the rescue campaign in a planned, step-by-step and effective way. So what should we do in the face of fire?
1.火灾现场的处置
1. disposal of fire scene
一是发作火灾当即报警,一旦承认发作火灾,保安员应当以最快的速度当即报警,刻不容缓,越快越好。千万不能由于自己对火灾局势估计不足延误报警,或许忧虑影响效劳单位形象、打扰领导、职工歇息等而耽搁报警,造成大的火灾的发作。
First, fire alarm should be given immediately. Once a fire is admitted, security guards should give the alarm as soon as possible with the fastest speed. It is urgent, the sooner the better. Never delay the alarm due to insufficient estimation of the fire situation. Perhaps you are worried about affecting the image of service units, disturbing leaders, workers'rest and so on, which will lead to the occurrence of large fires.
二是有必要先救人,人的生命放在第一位,引导人员分散,想方设法挽救被困人员是现场保安员的责任。
Secondly, it is necessary to save people first. People's lives should be put in the first place. It is the responsibility of security guards on the spot to guide people to disperse and try their best to save trapped people.
2."全部行动听指挥"。
2. "take all actions and listen to command".
为了有效地进行救活,火场一般都要建立指挥机构。工厂发作火灾,很多职工常常是救活战役的活跃参与者。在火场上应自觉地听众指挥机构的指挥,是有秩序地进行救活的要害。
In order to effectively save lives, fire stations usually need to establish command organs. Factories fire, many workers are often active participants in the campaign to save lives. In the fire field, we should consciously command the command body of the audience, which is the key to orderly rescue.
参与救活战役的职工和各专业部队,在火场指挥机构的统一领导下,一般要组成四支部队协同战役:一支是救活战役部队,协同公安消防部队熄救活灾;一支是抢救人员和物资的战役队,首要帮忙公安消防队抢救人员和分散首要物资;一支是警戒火场,维持秩序的战役队;一支是后勤队,负责救助伤员,供给战役用的物资、器件和茶水。在火场上战役反常紧张,分配什么作业就要干什么作业,并且要自动活跃,仔细干好。
Under the unified leadership of the fire field command organs, the staff and professional forces participating in the rescue campaign should generally form four units to coordinate the campaign: one is to rescue the campaign troops, to coordinate with the public security fire fighting forces to extinguish the disaster; the other is to rescue the personnel and materials; the first is to help the public security fire brigade rescue personnel and disperse the primary materials; One is a cordon to keep order; the other is a logistics team, which is responsible for rescuing the wounded and supplying materials, devices and tea for the campaign. The battle on the fire field is unusually tense, so we should do whatever assignments we assign, and be active and careful.
3.要进步警觉,恪守火场秩序
3., we should be vigilant and abide by the order of fire.
避免坏人乘火场紊乱之机,盗取资产,进行破坏活动。救活后,要维护好火灾现场,能为查清火灾发作的真实的原因供给许多重要证据。
To prevent bad people from taking advantage of the disorder of the fire field, steal assets and carry out sabotage activities. After rescue, it is necessary to maintain the fire scene, which can provide many important evidences for finding out the real cause of the fire.
维护火灾现场的首要办法:
The most important way to maintain fire scene is:
一是划出警戒区,指派专人照顾,禁绝无关人员进入现场;
First, we should draw a warning area, appoint special people to take care of it, and ban unrelated personnel from entering the scene.
二是对火灾现场的全部留传物,焚烧过或未焚烧过的物质及其摆设方位,有必要保持原状,在没有通过现场勘测人员允许之前,一概禁绝搬动。
Secondly, it is necessary to maintain the original position of all the remains, burned or not burned materials and their layout in the fire scene, and to prohibit all removal without the permission of the on-site survey personnel.
三是吊销现场维护,打扫火灾现场,有必要得到现场的消防人员或许当地公安消防监督机关的赞同。
Thirdly, it is necessary to get the approval of the firefighters or the local public security fire control supervisory organs to cancel the on-site maintenance and clean up the fire scene.
4.在救活战役中,要注意安全,避免不必要的伤亡。
4. in the campaign to save lives, we should pay attention to safety and avoid unnecessary casualties.
火场一般都较杂乱,越是杂乱的火场,越是要有条不紊。既要发扬一不怕苦,二不怕死的精力,敢于战役,又要避免不必要的献身,考究科学方法,长于战役。
The fire scene is generally more promiscuous, and the more chaotic the fire scene is, the more orderly it is. We should not only carry forward the energy of not fearing hardship and death, but also avoid unnecessary devotion, study scientific methods and be good at battle.
要攻得上,撤得出,切忌盲目行动。火场人员多,活动频频,人们思维处于紧张状态;器械多,常常挪动;杂物多,通道不畅;人、物彼此碰击状况常常发作。有的火场带电,甚至有危险物品。
If we want to attack and withdraw, we must not act blindly. Fire field personnel, frequent activities, people's thinking in a tense state; equipment, often move; debris, channel is not smooth; people, objects often hit each other. Some fires are electrified, or even dangerous goods.
许多安全问题,领导和别人难于照顾,首要靠自己英勇机敏,谨慎行事,保证本身安全。
Many security problems are difficult for leaders and others to take care of. The first thing is to act bravely and prudently to ensure their own safety.
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